2. Plovdiv, Bulgaria
Plovdiv is the second largest Bulgaria’s city, immediately after Sofia. When it was founded, somewhere before 400 BC, it was called Eumolpias and it was first a Thracian settlement. Later on it was overtaken by the Macedonians, and finally became a part of what is now Bulgaria. This city was a center of trade fair in the 4th century BC, and around 342 BC Philip II of Macedon (the father of Alexander the Great) conquered the city and named it after himself “Philipopolis”, but it was reclaimed by the Thracians later. Before becoming a part of Bulgaria, it was a Roman city, then it got under the rule of the Byzantines and Ottomans.
The Roman period was the period when this city prospered the most when it comes to culture and population. The evidence about this city, that were found in the excavations of ancient ruins, show that this city was a vibrant one, with many public institutions, theatres and baths and an advanced sewerage and water system. Many of the city’s remains have been preserved in the present time, and it still lives as a city, even though it didn’t really keep much of its antiquity. Only a small part of the ancient city has been excavated, but those that have been are treasured and available for tourists to see.
The city has a lot of history to show to its visitors. For that reason, The Historical Museum of Plovdiv and the Archaeological Museum were opened to store and keep the historical antiquities safe and present their value to the public.